HOW TO GIVE CPR
If an adult is unresponsive and not breathing, St John Ambulance recommend CPR – a combination of chest compressions and rescue breaths to keep the heart and circulation going. For detailed information, go to sja.org.uk, but here are the basics:
1 / First, check for responsiveness and breathing. Open their airway by placing one hand on their forehead, two fingers under the chin and tilting the head back. If they’re unconscious and not breathing call 999 or 112 for emergency medical help.
2 / Place the casualty on their back on a firm, flat surface. Kneel down beside them, positioning yourself next to their shoulder/ level with their chest.
3 / Place the heel of one hand in the centre of the casualty’s chest (below the breastbone, the area where the ribs come together). Place the other hand on top. Lace your fingers together, making sure you keep your fingers off their ribs.
4 / With straight arms, press down on the breastbone 5- 6cm. Release pressure. Let the chest come up fully – that’s one compression. Repeat 30 times, twice a second, then give two rescue breaths: pinch their nose closed, breathe in, seal your lips around their mouth and blow into their mouth until the chest rises. Remove your mouth and let the chest fall.
5 / Carry on giving 30 chest compressions, then two breaths, until help arrives.