Runner's World (UK) - - Special Report -

If an adult is un­re­spon­sive and not breath­ing, St John Am­bu­lance rec­om­mend CPR – a com­bi­na­tion of chest com­pres­sions and res­cue breaths to keep the heart and cir­cu­la­tion go­ing. For de­tailed in­for­ma­tion, go to, but here are the ba­sics:

1 / First, check for re­spon­sive­ness and breath­ing. Open their air­way by plac­ing one hand on their fore­head, two fin­gers un­der the chin and tilt­ing the head back. If they’re un­con­scious and not breath­ing call 999 or 112 for emer­gency med­i­cal help.

2 / Place the ca­su­alty on their back on a firm, flat sur­face. Kneel down be­side them, po­si­tion­ing your­self next to their shoul­der/ level with their chest.

3 / Place the heel of one hand in the cen­tre of the ca­su­alty’s chest (be­low the breast­bone, the area where the ribs come to­gether). Place the other hand on top. Lace your fin­gers to­gether, mak­ing sure you keep your fin­gers off their ribs.

4 / With straight arms, press down on the breast­bone 5- 6cm. Re­lease pres­sure. Let the chest come up fully – that’s one com­pres­sion. Re­peat 30 times, twice a sec­ond, then give two res­cue breaths: pinch their nose closed, breathe in, seal your lips around their mouth and blow into their mouth un­til the chest rises. Re­move your mouth and let the chest fall.

5 / Carry on giv­ing 30 chest com­pres­sions, then two breaths, un­til help ar­rives.

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