LATVIA, ESTONIA AND LITHUANIA: All live in constant fear of their neighbour. Britain has hundreds of troops deployed in Estonia as part of a Nato mission to safeguard the Baltic states.
In August Nato jets intercepted three Russian jets in Estonian airspace. In Lithuania, Russian generated propaganda questions the legitimacy of the country, prompting fears of an invasion.
Russia is accused of disrupting Latvia’s mobile phone network for several hours in August in what is believed to be a test run for a wider cyber attack. UKRAINE: In February 2014, armed men seized buildings in the Crimean capital, Simferopol. Putin later admitted to deploying Russia troops and formally annexed Crimea in March.
This sparked unrest in the Donbas (Eastern Ukraine), where conflict between rebels, who have Russian equipment such as the Buk missile system used to shoot down Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17 in July 2014, is ongoing. BELARUS: Russia wants a permanent military base here. Fears are Belarus could be a flashpoint in a future east-west conflict. POLAND: Russia accused of supporting anti-Western far-Right groups and fuelling Polish enmity towards Ukraine.