Use these ba­sic hand stitches to com­plete your home and dress­mak­ing projects.

Simply Sewing - - THE GUIDE -

Used to join to­gether and close two turned-un­der edges in­vis­i­bly, such as on a dress lin­ing or soft toy. Bring the nee­dle up at 1 on one side of the seam, then in at 2 on the op­po­site side and out at 3, so the stitch is 3mm ( ⁄ in) long.

Push the nee­dle back in the op­po­site side at 4 and out at 5. Re­peat this to close the edges. This stitch is used most of­ten for hems where you need to stitch a turned-un­der edge to a flat piece of fab­ric us­ing small, al­most in­vis­i­ble stitches. Bring the nee­dle up at 1 on the turned-un­der hem then back in at 2 and out at 3.

Make this hor­i­zon­tal stitch as small as pos­si­ble so it can’t be seen from the front. Re­peat this by mak­ing a ver­ti­cal stitch back into the turned-un­der edge then con­tinue in this way to com­plete the hem. Whip­stitch is used to join the edges of two fab­rics to­gether, such as felt and other fab­rics that don’t fray. With the right sides to­gether, bring your nee­dle out at

1 on the front of the fab­ric, then over to the back of the other, and through and out at 2. Con­tinue to work small stitches close to­gether over the top of the two fab­ric edges. This can be used to gather fab­ric and as a dec­o­ra­tive stitch worked around the edge of a fin­ished project. Bring the nee­dle out at 1, in at 2, then out at 3 and in at 4, and so on. Make the length of the stitches the same length as the gaps be­tween them for an even fin­ish. You can work sev­eral run­ning stitches on your nee­dle at once.

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