NORTH BRI­TISH RAIL­WAY ‘C’ 0-6-0

Steam Railway (UK) - - ‘GREAT WAR’ MALLETS -

Be­fore the war: The NBR had not re­ceived any new goods lo­co­mo­tives since 1876 so Chief En­gi­neer Matthew Holmes made amends in 1888 with his ‘C’ 0-6-0. The de­sign was so suc­cess­ful that reg­u­lar batches were turned out up to 1900; some 168 ‘Cs’ were built, a fifth of the NBR’s lo­co­mo­tive stock.

The class had started to re­ceive new boil­ers, spring­ing ar­range­ment and cab win­dows when war was de­clared.

Call-up: The ROD req­ui­si­tioned

25 ‘Cs’ in Oc­to­ber/Novem­ber 1917:

Nos. 176, 605/08/11/12/15/20/21/27/ 28/31/43/46-48/50/57/59-62/66/73/ 76/82. A fur­ther three, Nos. 614, 672 and 742, were loaned to the High­land Rail­way to help with the sup­ply trains needed for the Royal Navy’s base at Scapa Flow.

The­atre of op­er­a­tions: In France, they were used at Ber­gues, near Dunkirk, and on the Haze­brouck-Merville line. Most were al­lo­cated to Verquigneul, near Bethune, for work­ing coal and mil­i­tary trains.

De­mo­bil­i­sa­tion: All 25 ‘Cs’ re­turned to the NBR be­tween April and June 1919. The LNER com­pleted the re­build­ing pro­gramme to what it now called ‘J36’.

BR in­her­ited more than 120 ‘J36s’. Some ended up work­ing on for­mer Lon­don, Mid­land & Scot­tish Rail­way lines in Scot­land while oth­ers were drafted in to work on for­mer Great North of Scot­land Rail­way met­als. Their wide route avail­abil­ity kept them em­ployed long af­ter newer yet larger classes had be­come ex­tinct. Two ‘J36s’ made it through to 1967 be­fore they re­tired, hav­ing out­lasted many LNER and BR Stan­dard de­signs in Scot­land.

Sur­vivors: The sole sur­vivor is No. 65243 Maude, on static dis­play at Bo’ness.

ALIS­TAIR NIS­BET

Un­like Lieu­tenant Gen­eral Sir Fred­er­ick Stan­ley Maude, who served in the Me­sopotamian cam­paign, ‘J36’ No. 65243 Maude worked in France be­tween Novem­ber 1917 and June 1919 as ROD No. 5673. It is pic­tured here on dis­play at the Na­tional Rail­way Mu­seum, but cur­rently re­sides at its Bo’ness home.

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