On this day
64 AD: The Great Fire of Rome took place during the reign of Nero. He played the lyre and was 50 miles away at his villa in Antium when he heard the news.
1919: The Cenotaph in London’s Whitehall was unveiled. The First World War memorial was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens and would later do double duty for the Second World War.
1934: The Mersey Tunnel was formally opened.
1936: The Spanish Civil War began when the army, led by General Franco, revolted against the Republican government. It lasted three years.
1969: Senator Edward Kennedy crashed his car into the Chappaquiddick River near Martha’s Vineyard on America’s east coast. Kennedy escaped, but his companion Mary Jo Kopechne drowned. He didn’t report the incident for 10 hours and was subsequently found guilty of leaving the scene of the accident.