On this day
• 1215: King John put the Royal Seal on the Magna Carta at Runnymede, near Windsor.
• 1381: Wat Tyler, the first poll tax protester, was executed at Smithfield.
• 1572: Harrow School was founded.
• 1844: Charles Goodyear patented his vulcanised rubber process in the US, making possible the commercial use of rubber.
• 1846: The 49th parallel was
established as the border between Canada and the USA.
• 1860: Florence Nightingale started her School for Nurses at St Thomas’ Hospital, London.
• 1934: Dictators Hitler and Mussolini met for the first time, in Venice.
• 1945: Family Allowance payments were introduced in Britain – five shillings (25p) a week for the second child and subsequent children, but no payment for the first-born.