Key ter­mi­nol­ogy

The Daily Telegraph - Total Football - - RIO 2016 -

Flags

Races are gov­erned with many flags, used dur­ing the start­ing se­quence and through­out to no­tify sailors of sig­nals and penal­ties.

Gybe

Turn­ing the stern (the rear) of the boat through the wind to change di­rec­tion.

Plan­ing

The mo­tion of a boat when it is lifted par­tially out of the wa­ter, in­creas­ing its speed from the re­duc­tion of drag.

Spin­naker

A large, light down­ward sail set from a spin­naker pole when run­ning be­fore the wind.

Start­ing se­quence

A five-minute pe­riod be­fore a race be­gins when boats try to ma­noeu­vre into the best po­si­tion on the start line.

Tack­ing

Turn­ing the bow (the front) of the boat through the wind to change di­rec­tion.

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