South African child pro­vides HIV hope

The Guardian Weekly - - World Roundup -

10 A child in­fected with HIV at birth and given a short course of treat­ment has stayed healthy for the last nine years with­out fur­ther drugs in a case that could give hope to chil­dren born with the virus.

Re­searchers say they hope to learn from the case of the child, born in South Africa, to save oth­ers from hav­ing to take pow­er­ful daily med­i­ca­tion for the rest of their lives.

Avy Vi­o­lari, from the Peri­na­tal HIV Re­search Unit of the Univer­sity of the Wit­wa­ter­srand in Jo­han­nes­burg, pre­sented the case study to the In­ter­na­tional Aids So­ci­ety con­fer­ence in Paris. 12 Im­ages cap­tured by an un­der­wa­ter robot showed mas­sive de­posits be­lieved to be melted nu­clear fuel cov­er­ing the floor of a dam­aged re­ac­tor at Ja­pan’s de­stroyed Fukushima nu­clear plant.

The robot found large amounts of so­lid­i­fied lava-like rocks and lumps in­side a main struc­ture un­der­neath the core in­side the pri­mary con­tain­ment ves­sel of Fukushima’s Unit 3 re­ac­tor, said the plant’s op­er­a­tor, Tokyo Elec­tric Power Co.

Lo­cat­ing and analysing the fuel de­bris and dam­age in each of the plant’s three wrecked re­ac­tors are cru­cial for de­com­mis­sion­ing the plant.

Dis­cov­ery, pages 32-33

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