Feared to have been lost Brazil’s irreplaceable artefacts
Luzia Woman was found in a cave in Brazil in 1975 by the French archaeologist Annette Laming-Emperaire. About 11,500 years old, she was believed to be the oldest human skeleton found in the Americas. Some anthropologists say Luzia’s ancestors were from south-east Asia.
The museum’s collection included a rare Brazilian example of mummified bodies, of a woman and two children, which were donated to Emperor Dom Pedro II, the last monarch of the Empire of Brazil. The woman, found in Goianá, ianá, was aged about 25, and died ied 600 years before Europeans ans arrived. The museum was s also home to 700 items from Egypt, including the e coffin of Sha-Amun-emsu (pictured), an unopened wooden painted coffin from Thebes, dated to around 750BC.
Indigenous art and artefacts
Art and objects from Brazil’s indigenous peoples tell the tale not just of the peop people who lived on the continent, but of how they were occup occupied by Europeans.
“A pa palaeontological paradi dise”, the Sertão region h has been particularly rich in fossils, enriching the museum with a large collection. Fossilised turtles from 110m years ago are the oldest in the country.
Frescoes from Pompeii
These survived the eruption of Mount Vesuvius; one depicting two peacocks perched on chandeliers.
This contained nearly half a million volumes. Reports suggested that people were finding burnt pages in the streets around the museum.