KEY military events of the day before the Armistice is announced.
Early hours of the morning
On the last day of the period known as a Hundred Days, Allied efforts intensify after rumours that an armistice is close to being concluded, motivating troops to press on and wipe out as many forces as possible. Allied forces dump 20 tonnes of bombs on enemy targets and raid two railway stations in an effort.
A dejected Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany arrives at Eysden station in Holland where he is offered political asylum. Chancellor Prince Max of Baden, right, announced the Kaiser’s abdication the day before.
Major General HK Bethell’s forces and the 1st South African Infantry leave Solre le Chateau and advance three miles northeast towards enemy lines in Helstrud, which is close to the Belgium border. Their progress is hampered by poor conditions and the rain and fog.
Air reports alert Allied troops – principally The Third Army – to the fact that enemy lines have been sighted in the woods south of Cousolre, France and also north between Thure and Sambre in Belgium. Troops find no signs of the enemy until they arrive in Thure.
Head of the advanced guard of Major General HK Bethell’s forces enters Hestrud, which is being held by 12th
Major General HK Bethell’s forces advance eastwards towards the Germans who are outside Hestrud and begin fighting.
Germans launch a counterattack against Major General HK Bethell’s resulting in the death of six Germans only. German troops are driven back to Grandrieu.
The Third Army’s advanced guard assumes protection of the whole front and move troops two miles forward to cover Ferriere-la-grande, Rousies, Assevent and Elesmes.
On Major General Bethell’s orders, 199th Brigade march from Clairfays north-east towards Hestrud to provide reinforcements and fill gap between the French and the South African brigade, with the help of the 20th Hussars.
Major General Bethell’s headquarters receive an air report that a solid line of the German army are snaking their way along the Eppe-sauvage Montbliart Road toward them. A message is sent to troops to infiltrate enemy lines.
Troops from the Third Army arrive in La Longueville, France close to the Belgian border. They have spent 22 hours marching 35 miles from Caudry at 5pm the day before in an effort to advance towards enemy lines north of Solre-sur-sambre in Belgium.
High ground east and north-east of Hestrud is captured by Major General HK Bethell’s forces, pushing the Germans back.
Infantry of the 29th Division reached the Bois de Leuze from Renaix in Belgium without seeing any German troops, but the 7th Dragon Guards,
who are on their way to capture Lahamide, are prevented from doing so after they are fired at by machine guns.
The message to infiltrate advancing enemy lines coming down Eppe-sauvage Montbliart Road reaches the advanced guard. However, the arrival of evening and failing light hampers efforts. An RAF squadron steps in and pre-emptively shoots down 14 of the enemy’s planes.
Increasingly desperate enemy forces shell Solre le Chateus station and one of their ammunition dumps, causing an explosion. However, the ammunition train – which is no doubt the target – escapes damage.
French forces retake Mézières during the Meuse Argonne Offensive pushing Germans back east from their positions at the Hindenburg Line and cutting Germans off from their important rail routes supplying their front lines
Leuze-en-hainuat in Belgium is liberated from German control. It was first occupied in August 2014. Its communal cemetery was used by German medical units.
Ghent in Belgium is re-occupied by Belgian forces for the first time since it fell to Germany on October 12, 1914.
Dixmude is stormed by German forces and lost by the Franco-belgian garrison in a series of exchanges known as the Battle of
Ypres, which took place between October 19 and November 22.
The King of Romania, pictured right, repudiated the Treaty of Bucharest, a peace treaty it had signed with the Central Powers in May 2018 and re-enters the war, which lead to it being on the same side of the Allied Powers when the armistice was signed.
The 29th Indian Brigade, under Brigadier-general Herbert Vaughn Cox, stormed Cheikh Saïd in Southern Arabia (present day Yemen) and destroyed Ottoman defences.
Germany falls into the hands of the leaders of its most prominent political parties after Kaiser Wilhelm goes into exile. Its new leaders are unsure of how to respond to the Allies’ demands for a ceasefire. Military commander Paul von Hindenburg advised them to sign the armistice.
Social Democrat Friedrich Ebert, who became Chancellor after the Kaiser went into exile, instructed Catholic Centre Party head Matthias Erzberger to sign an armistice.
The Ebert-groener pact took place between Friedrich Ebert and head of the German government General Wilhelm Groener Quartermaster General of the German Army in Spa, Belgium. Groener assured Ebert of the support of the armed forces if he reinstated the military hierarchy and, with the help of the army, quashed leftist uprisings.