The Jewish connection with Egypt goes back thousands of years, our departure recalled at Passover. Archaeological evidence of a Jewish presence by the Nile dates to 700BC and many Jews lived there until the 20th century. From 1936, there was an anti-Jewish mood and most Jews left. More were expelled in 1970. Egypt has been to war with Israel five times, but in 1979 was the first Arab country to sign a peace treaty with Israel.
About 100 Jews still live in Cairo, which has two synagogues.