Herzl’s grandson reburied
THE REMAINS of Stephen Norman, the grandson of Theodor Herzl, the founder of modern Zionism, will be reburied next week in Jerusalem.
Norman, Herzl’s sole remaining descendant, was educated in Britain and committed suicide after hearing of his parents’ death in the Holocaust.
Herzl had three children who all s uf f e r e d f r om mental i l l ness and died at young a g e s . S t e phen was the son of T r u d e Margarethe Neumann, Herzl’s youngest daughter. Born in 1918, he was sent to boarding school in England, where he changed his family name, and served during the Second World War as a Captain in the Royal Artillery. He was also the family’s only other Zionist, visiting Palestine in 1945 on his way back from serving in India.
During the war he lost contact with his parents, who lived in Vienna. His mother was a patient at the Jewish psychiatric hospital from where she was sent in 1942 to Theresienstadt, where she died a few months later.
Norman learnt of his parents’ death only in late 1946, when he was with the British mission in Washington as scientific officer. His depression led him to throw himself off the Massachusetts Avenue Bridge on November 26, 1946, and he was buried in Washington.
Last year, Herzl’s two other children, Hans and Pauline, were buried by his grave on Mount Herzl in Jerusalem, following a rabbinical ruling that they could be buried in a Jewish cemetery, despite the fact that Hans had converted to Catholicism and committed suicide and Pauline had died of a morphine overdose.
Stephen Norman’s grave