Herzl’s grand­son re­buried


THE RE­MAINS of Stephen Norman, the grand­son of Theodor Herzl, the founder of mod­ern Zion­ism, will be re­buried next week in Jerusalem.

Norman, Herzl’s sole re­main­ing de­scen­dant, was ed­u­cated in Bri­tain and com­mit­ted sui­cide af­ter hear­ing of his par­ents’ death in the Holo­caust.

Herzl had three chil­dren who all s uf f e r e d f r om men­tal i l l ness and died at young a g e s . S t e phen was the son of T r u d e Mar­garethe Neu­mann, Herzl’s youngest daugh­ter. Born in 1918, he was sent to board­ing school in Eng­land, where he changed his fam­ily name, and served dur­ing the Sec­ond World War as a Cap­tain in the Royal Ar­tillery. He was also the fam­ily’s only other Zion­ist, visit­ing Pales­tine in 1945 on his way back from serv­ing in In­dia.

Dur­ing the war he lost con­tact with his par­ents, who lived in Vi­enna. His mother was a pa­tient at the Jewish psy­chi­atric hospi­tal from where she was sent in 1942 to There­sien­stadt, where she died a few months later.

Norman learnt of his par­ents’ death only in late 1946, when he was with the Bri­tish mis­sion in Wash­ing­ton as sci­en­tific of­fi­cer. His de­pres­sion led him to throw him­self off the Mas­sachusetts Av­enue Bridge on Novem­ber 26, 1946, and he was buried in Wash­ing­ton.

Last year, Herzl’s two other chil­dren, Hans and Pauline, were buried by his grave on Mount Herzl in Jerusalem, fol­low­ing a rab­bini­cal rul­ing that they could be buried in a Jewish ceme­tery, de­spite the fact that Hans had con­verted to Catholi­cism and com­mit­ted sui­cide and Pauline had died of a mor­phine over­dose.

Stephen Norman’s grave

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