Forallthedoomandgloomwhichprecededit,theAnnapolis summit appears to have unfolded rather successfully. Despite Israeli and American insistence that this was to be a mere “meeting” rather than a “conference”, the turn-out was impressive. No less than the Saudi Foreign Minister made an appearance; the Syrian deputy Foreign Minister too. Donor countries will meet in Paris in a couple of weeks and Russia has muscled in to offer a follow-up summit in Moscow next spring. So the international community is engaged, the Road Map revived and President Bush has made a belated vow to have the conflict done and dusted by the end of 2008. So far, so good. But what happens when the self-congratulatory glow fades? One thing is for sure: Israel is not going to have an easy ride. A flavour of what may be to come can be found in the joint statement, the product of much feverish negotiation apparently finalised only minutes before the summit began. Both sides pledged to “confront terrorism and incitement, whether committed by Palestinians or Israelis” — an unprecedented semantic concession from the Israeli side. And there will be more to come, this time in deeds rather than words. Mr Olmert is expected to halt settlement construction, dismantle outposts and progressively withdraw from the territories — all firm Road Map requirements — in a matter of months, before pressing on to the final-status issues. The much-vaunted “painful concessions for peace” may finally be on the table. This time the international community are unlikely to allow Israel much leeway.