The Jewish Chronicle - - News -

THE Ex­o­dus set sail from out­side Mar­seilles on July 11 1947, with 4,515 pas­sen­gers, mostly Holo­caust sur­vivors, seek­ing a new life in Pales­tine.

A week later the boat was in­ter­cepted near Haifa by Bri­tish sol­diers, car­ry­ing out the or­ders of For­eign Sec­re­tary Ernest Bevin to pre­vent il­le­gal Jewish im­mi­gra­tion in the face of Arab op­po­si­tion: dur­ing scuf­fles, three of the crew were killed. The pas­sen­gers were de­ported back to France. But the in­ter­na­tional up­roar that greeted Holo­caust sur­vivors forcibly re­turned to Europe se­ri­ously dam­aged Bri­tain’s rep­u­ta­tion and has­tened the end of its man­date.

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