THE EXODUS: AN ILL-FATED JOURNEY
THE Exodus set sail from outside Marseilles on July 11 1947, with 4,515 passengers, mostly Holocaust survivors, seeking a new life in Palestine.
A week later the boat was intercepted near Haifa by British soldiers, carrying out the orders of Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin to prevent illegal Jewish immigration in the face of Arab opposition: during scuffles, three of the crew were killed. The passengers were deported back to France. But the international uproar that greeted Holocaust survivors forcibly returned to Europe seriously damaged Britain’s reputation and hastened the end of its mandate.