NAPLES’ JEWISH history is thought to have begun under the Romans in the first century. By the 15th century, Jews were well established, thanks to Spanish exiles. The community was expelled in 1541, and not allowed back until 1735. By 1920, there were close to 1,000 members. Today, it has around 200, with a Sephardi synagogue at Via Cappella Vecchia 31.