‘Juden Raus’ re-emerges – in Transylvania
THE APPEARANCE of the notorious Nazi slogan “Juden Raus” in graffiti at a Romanian railway station has raised concerns about rising antisemitism in the country.
Anti-discrimination activist Andra Camelia Cordos photographed the word scribbled on one of the pillars of Cluj railway station in Transylvania.
The phrase, German for “Jews out”, appeared frequently in Nazi propaganda, most notably as a 1936 children’s board game.
18,000 Jews were deported from Cluj and the surroundings to Auschwitz in May and June 1944, when the city and northern Translyvania were part of Nazi-occupied Hungary.
Ms Cordos said she had previously seen antisemitic slogans and swastikas sprayed in other places in Cluj.
The railway station is less than one kilometre away from the Neolog Synagogue, which itself was sprayed last June with the English slogan “Holocaust never happened”.
Marco Maximilian Katz, from the Centre for Monitoring and Combating Anti- Semitism in Romania, said it was not an isolated incident.
“In Romania, at present, we live in an environment where nationalism, antisemitism and racism are becoming products of mass consumption manipulated by politicians and public opinion leaders,” he told the JC.
“Locally, contrary to the internationally released statements, they do not miss any occasion to play down or totally ignore the urgency of implementing real and effective measures for keeping racial and religious hate under control.
A 2002 law criminalises Holocaust denial and fascist organisations, but is almost never enforced, according Alexandru Florian, director of the National Institute for the Study of Holocaust.
“The fact that local authorities encourage the ‘bad’ Holocaust memory or that the law is not producing any effects can be included in the ‘what the authorities don’t do to combat antisemitism’ column,” he said.
Ilan Laufer, a minister who holds Romanian and Israeli nationality, declined to comment. The graffiti at Cluj railway station