A bru­tal con­flict

The Observer - - World -

The Al­ge­rian war of in­de­pen­dence (1954-62) was a colo­nial war marked by the bru­tal­ity of both sides and their use of tor­ture and ter­ror against both mil­i­tary and civil­ian pop­u­la­tions.

France was de­ter­mined to keep con­trol of its north African colony, which was home to thou­sands of French ex­pa­tri­ates. The Al­ge­rian Front de Libéra­tion Na­tionale (FLN) wanted full in­de­pen­dence.

In 1962, Pres­i­dent Charles de Gaulle signed the Evian ac­cords grant­ing Al­ge­ria in­de­pen­dence, but the killing went on. Al­ge­ri­ans who had worked for the French, known as Harkis, were re­garded as traitors and many were killed by the FLN or lynch mobs. Around 800,000 Euro­pean-Al­ge­ri­ans, known as Pieds-Noirs (black feet), fled to France.

Both coun­tries still dis­pute the war’s death toll.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from UK

© PressReader. All rights reserved.