A year ago . . .
the War of the Roses, the Lancastrians defeated the Yorkists at the Battle of St Albans. 1611James
I created the title “baronet”. 1813Richard
Wagner, operatic composer, was born in Leipzig. 1859Sir
Arthur Conan Doyle creator of Sherlock Holmes, was born of Irish parents in Edinburgh. 1897The
Blackwall Tunnel under the Thames was officially opened. 1908The
Wright Brothers patented their flying machine. 1972Ceylon
became the Republic of Sri Lanka. 1981‘ Yorkshire Ripper’ Peter Sutcliffe (pictured) was found guilty at the Old Bailey of murdering 13 women and attempting to murder seven others. He was sentenced to 30 years minimum.
Iceland closed its main international airport and cancelled domestic flights as a powerful volcanic eruption sent a plume of ash, smoke and steam 12 miles into the air.