On this day

The Press and Journal (Aberdeen and Aberdeenshire) - - AGENDA -

Martin Luther, Ger­man re­li­gious re­former, was born in Eisleben.

George II was born in Hanover.

The US Ma­rine Corps was founded. Henry Mor­ton Stan­ley, sent to Africa by his news­pa­per to find Scot­tish mis­sion­ary David Liv­ing­stone, fi­nally made con­tact with him at Ujiji on Lake Tan­ganyika with the words: “Dr Liv­ing­stone, I pre­sume.”

Ed­ward El­gar con­ducted the first per­for­mance of his vi­o­lin con­certo, played by Fritz Kreisler, in the Queen’s Hall, Lon­don. Ap­plause was de­scribed as wor­thy of the vic­tory of the Bat­tle of Trafal­gar.

Hiro­hito was crowned Em­peror of Ja­pan. The Crown Prince, aged 27, had been re­gent for seven years be­fore he took over as em­peror from his sick fa­ther.

Soviet leader Leonid Brezh­nev died of a heart at­tack, aged 75.

George Bush, above, was elected US Pres­i­dent.

In Cal­cutta, 95,000 peo­ple watched South Africa’s re­turn to in­ter­na­tional cricket. They won by three wick­ets.

Bri­tish au pair Louise Wood­ward, above, walked free from court when judge Hiller Zo­bel re­duced her mur­der con­vic­tion to manslaughter.

A se­ries of war memo­ri­als erected a cen­tury ago, be­fore the end of the First World War, were given pro­tected sta­tus.

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