Success stories of cities across Europe shared
Mr Palmer examined the reasons why some European cities have succeeded in wholesale regeneration.
He said: “Glasgow was a non-starter in the early 1980s.
“It had chronic levels of unemployment, severe health problems, and an image as a city of razor gangs and street violence.
“But the city recognised there were issues it had to address, not just at political level, but across business, arts, industry and other sectors.
“Rotterdam is another example of how regeneration can work if there is sufficient vision.
“It was nearly destroyed in the Second World War, but its civic leaders invested in radical new design and architecture.
“Berlin and Barcelona have both moved forward with large-scale developments.”