On this day
Richard III, the last Plantagenet king, was born at Fotheringhay, Northants.
The first telescope was demonstrated by Dutch lensmaker Hans Lippershey.
The first rugby match at Twickenham was played – Harlequins versus Richmond.
London’s first red buses with roofed-in upper decks went into service. Police restrictions had previously prevented them being used in the capital, although they had been in operation in Widnes since 1909.
Italian forces invaded Abyssinia after Mussolini’s bombers pounded border towns.
The Empress of Britain, which was en route to Canada with child evacuees, was sunk by a German submarine. British warships rescued most of the 634 crew and passengers.
A photograph of William Pettit, wanted for murder, was shown on BBC TV by request from the police, the first time television was used in Britain to help find a wanted man.
Hollywood heartthrob Rock Hudson died of Aids, aged 59.
Cyclist Lance Armstrong was diagnosed with testicular cancer. He commemorated the date with a range of “10/2” branded Nike sportswear. Benedict Cumberbatch hit back after he was criticised for making speeches on stage attacking the government over the refugee crisis.