Obese lower death rate by di­et­ing

Weight loss re­duces risk

The Press and Journal (Moray) - - LOCAL NEWS - BY ELLA PICK­OVER

Di­et­ing may help re­duce early deaths among obese pa­tients, a new study has found.

With or with­out ex­er­cise, weight-re­duc­ing di­ets, usu­ally ones that are low in fat and sat­u­rated fat, can re­duce the risk of pre­ma­ture death for obese peo­ple, the au­thors said.

Be­ing obese, or hav­ing a body mass in­dex score of 30 or over, is as­so­ci­ated with pre­ma­ture death.

It can lead to a num­ber of life-threat­en­ing com­pli­ca­tions in­clud­ing some can­cers, coro­nary heart dis­ease and type 2 di­a­betes.

A team of re­searchers at Aberdeen and Auck­land uni­ver­si­ties set out to as­sess the ef­fects of weight loss pro­grammes on deaths from all causes as well as from heart dis­ease and can­cer.

Their study, pub­lished in the Bri­tish Med­i­cal Jour­nal (BMJ), ex­am­ined 54 stud­ies with data on 30,000 adults dat­ing from 1966 to 2016 with a min­i­mum fol­low-up time of one year.

They found that dur­ing the av­er­age fol­low-up pe­riod of two years, weight-loss di­ets were as­so­ci­ated with an 18% rel­a­tive re­duc­tion in pre­ma­ture death among obese peo­ple.

They said that this cor­re­sponds to six fewer deaths per 1,000 par­tic­i­pants in the stud­ies.

But they were un­able to show if there was any ef­fect of weight-re­duc­ing di­ets on deaths from heart dis­ease and can­cer, or whether the par­tic­i­pants saw any pro­tec­tive ef­fect from de­vel­op­ing these con­di­tions.

“Our data sup­port pub­lic health mea­sures to pre­vent weight gain and fa­cil­i­tate weight loss us­ing these types of diet,” they con­cluded.

Mean­while a group of nu­tri­tion sci­en­tists has said eat­ing whole grains is as­so­ci­ated with lower mor­tal­ity rates and lower risk of type 2 di­a­betes and heart dis­ease.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from UK

© PressReader. All rights reserved.