Key ques­tions in con­flict

The Press and Journal (Moray) - - NEWS -

l Why is it a con­tentious is­sue?

The sta­tus of Jerusalem has long been a sen­si­tive is­sue in the Is­raeli-Pales­tinian con­flict, and is con­sid­ered dis­puted ter­ri­tory by many coun­tries.

Both Is­rael and Pales­tine claim Jerusalem as their cap­i­tal, but nei­ther is in­ter­na­tion­ally recog­nised.

In 1980, Is­rael passed a law declar­ing Jerusalem to be Is­rael’s “com­plete and united” cap­i­tal, but the United Na­tions Se­cu­rity Coun­cil passed a res­o­lu­tion it would not recog­nise the law.

Pales­tini­ans, see east Jerusalem, which Is­rael cap­tured in 1967, as their cap­i­tal.

l Have any coun­tries ever had their em­bassies in Jerusalem?

A num­ber of coun­tries used to have their em­bassies in Jerusalem, but this changed af­ter the UN Se­cu­rity Coun­cil res­o­lu­tion in 1980.

Costa Rica and El Sal­vador were the last to move their em­bassies out of the holy city in 2006, join­ing all other em­bassies in Tel Aviv.

l Why has Mr Trump de­cided to recog­nise Jerusalem as Is­rael’s cap­i­tal?

The US pres­i­dent said he be­lieved the de­ci­sion to be “in Amer­ica’s in­ter­ests”, and marked a “new ap­proach” to the con­flict be­tween Is­rael and the Pales­tini­ans.

Mr Trump said he was not de­liv­er­ing any ver­dict about where an Is­raeliPales­tinian bor­der should lie.

l What has the in­ter­na­tional re­ac­tion been?

Lead­ers across the world have con­demned Mr Trump for recog­nis­ing Jerusalem as Is­rael’s cap­i­tal, over fears it could worsen ten­sions in the volatile Mid­dle East.

l What will hap­pen next?

Mr Trump plans to move the US em­bassy in Is­rael from Tel Aviv to the holy city. But in the short-term, there are fears the de­ci­sion could spark vi­o­lent protests.

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