On this day

The Press and Journal (North-East) - - FEATURES -

1577: English ex­plorer and nav­i­ga­tor Sir Fran­cis Drake be­gan his voy­age to sail around the world.

1708: Wil­liam Pitt the El­der, 1st Earl of Chatham, was born in Lon­don.

1738: Astronomer Sir Wil­liam Her­schel, who dis­cov­ered Uranus, was born in Hanover. He died in Slough in 1822.

1837: Isaac Pit­man’s steno­graphic sound-hand, the first short­hand sys­tem, was pub­lished, price 4d.

1899: Win­ston Churchill was cap­tured by the Bo­ers while cov­er­ing the war in South Africa as a reporter for the Morn­ing Post.

1901: An elec­tri­cal hear­ing aid was patented by Miller Reese of New York.

1923: Ram­pant in­fla­tion in Germany reached a peak when the mark (4.2 to the dol­lar in 1914) rose to 4,200,000,000 to the dol­lar.

1956: Elvis Pres­ley’s first film, Love Me Ten­der, was pre­miered in New York.

1968: The Cu­nard flag­ship Queen Elizabeth docked at Southamp­ton for the last time. She was re­placed by the Queen Elizabeth II.

1969: ITV chan­nel ATV screened the first colour tele­vi­sion com­mer­cial in Bri­tain – for Birds Eye peas.

1983: The Green­ham

Com­mon women’s group mounted their first protest as cruise mis­siles ar­rived at the US air­base in Berk­shire.

2002: Moors mur­derer Myra Hind­ley died in jail, aged 60. ON THIS DAY LAST YEAR:

Prison of­fi­cers were or­dered back to work af­ter thou­sands joined a protest held amid claims jails were “in melt­down”.

BIRTHDAYS: Ed As­ner, ac­tor, 88; Pe­tula Clark, singer, 85; Sam Water­ston, ac­tor, 77; Frida Lyn­gstad, singer (ABBA), 72; Bev­erly D’An­gelo, ac­tress, 66; Johnny Lee Miller, ac­tor, 45; Peter Phillips, son of the Princess Royal and Capt Mark Phillips, 40; Gemma Atkin­son, ac­tress, 33.

Elvis Pres­ley signs au­to­graphs at Prest­wick Air­port in 1960

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