On this day
1577: English explorer and navigator Sir Francis Drake began his voyage to sail around the world.
1708: William Pitt the Elder, 1st Earl of Chatham, was born in London.
1738: Astronomer Sir William Herschel, who discovered Uranus, was born in Hanover. He died in Slough in 1822.
1837: Isaac Pitman’s stenographic sound-hand, the first shorthand system, was published, price 4d.
1899: Winston Churchill was captured by the Boers while covering the war in South Africa as a reporter for the Morning Post.
1901: An electrical hearing aid was patented by Miller Reese of New York.
1923: Rampant inflation in Germany reached a peak when the mark (4.2 to the dollar in 1914) rose to 4,200,000,000 to the dollar.
1956: Elvis Presley’s first film, Love Me Tender, was premiered in New York.
1968: The Cunard flagship Queen Elizabeth docked at Southampton for the last time. She was replaced by the Queen Elizabeth II.
1969: ITV channel ATV screened the first colour television commercial in Britain – for Birds Eye peas.
1983: The Greenham
Common women’s group mounted their first protest as cruise missiles arrived at the US airbase in Berkshire.
2002: Moors murderer Myra Hindley died in jail, aged 60. ON THIS DAY LAST YEAR:
Prison officers were ordered back to work after thousands joined a protest held amid claims jails were “in meltdown”.
BIRTHDAYS: Ed Asner, actor, 88; Petula Clark, singer, 85; Sam Waterston, actor, 77; Frida Lyngstad, singer (ABBA), 72; Beverly D’Angelo, actress, 66; Johnny Lee Miller, actor, 45; Peter Phillips, son of the Princess Royal and Capt Mark Phillips, 40; Gemma Atkinson, actress, 33.
Elvis Presley signs autographs at Prestwick Airport in 1960