Kenya reborn as new constitution is signed
Cheered by hundreds of thousands of jubilant Kenyans waving national flags, President Mwai Kibaki yesterday signed a new constitution that curbs his sweeping powers and strengthens civic rights.
In a ceremony full of military pomp and traditional dance, Kenyans packed Nairobi’s Uhuru Park – or Freedom Park – to see their leaders take fresh oaths under the first overhaul of the charter since 1963.
“I am here to witness the rebirth of our nation. It has been 40 years since our first constitution was made. This is a new dawn because we will realise development and the rights of Kenyans will be respected. It’s a happy day for Kenyans,” said spectator Charles Oduor in the heaving crowd.
east Africa’s largest economy endorsed the document in a peaceful referendum this month, as one of the reforms agreed upon to end months of murderous violence that erupted following a disputed presidential election at the end of 2007.
“No-one could have thought that out of the bitter harvest of the disputed election and the violence that pitted our people against each other just two years ago, we would be witnessing today the birth of a national unity that has eluded us for more than 40 years,” Prime Minister raila Odinga said to constant cheering.
Some 1,300 Kenyans were killed in that violence and more than 300,000 others fled their homes, fearing for their lives.
The International Criminal Court (ICC) is due to issue arrest warrants for the Kenyan leaders responsible. Sudan’s President, Omar hassan al Bashir, defied his own ICC arrest warrant for charges of genocide in darfur to attend the Kenyan festivities, angering human rights groups who demand his arrest. Bashir denies the charges.
Before putting his signature to the new constitution, Kibaki greeted Bashir and other regional heads of state who later all released white doves. Nearly 70 per cent of Kenyans that voted in the 4 August referendum endorsed
“The rights of Kenyans will be respected”