THE TESTS YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT…

The Sunday Telegraph - Stella - - SMART BEAUTY -

For bile duct can­cer

He­len More­mont, of the char­ity AMMF, says if you have symp­toms of bile duct can­cer that don’t im­prove, ask your GP to run a liver-func­tion test.

For ovar­ian can­cer

An early ovar­ian can­cer-screen­ing tool is in de­vel­op­ment. ‘In the mean­time, if you have symp­toms for longer than a 12-day pe­riod, ask your GP for a CA125 blood test,’ says Kather­ine Tay­lor of Ovar­ian Can­cer Ac­tion. ‘It’s a bio-marker test that’s freely avail­able.’

For cer­vi­cal can­cer

Since the early 1990s, cer­vi­cal can­cer in­ci­dence rates have de­creased by al­most a quar­ter (23 per cent) in the UK. Women aged 25 to 49 are in­vited for screen­ing ev­ery three years; 50 to 64-yearolds are in­vited ev­ery five years. If you ex­pe­ri­ence bleed­ing be­tween pe­ri­ods, af­ter sex or fol­low­ing the menopause, or have pain dur­ing sex or in your pelvis, see your GP.

For bowel can­cer

If bowel can­cer is de­tected early, be­fore symp­toms ap­pear, it is eas­ier to treat. The NHS of­fers two types of bowel-can­cer screen­ing. Cur­rently, ev­ery­body aged 60 to 74 is sent a home­test kit. There is also a one-off test called bowel scope screen­ing (which takes place at NHS bowel-can­cer screen­ing cen­tres), which is grad­u­ally be­ing in­tro­duced in Eng­land for those 55 and over.

And fi­nally…

Don’t for­get the pro­tec­tive ba­sics: ‘Four in 10 cases of can­cer can be pre­vented. So if you’re a smoker, stop; keep a healthy weight; eat well and stay ac­tive,’ says Dr Jas­mine Just of Can­cer Re­search UK. ‘Help stack the odds in your favour.’ A 2016 study found that over a quar­ter of women pri­ori­tise work over see­ing their GP

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