Boards grow stronger
Boards of governors are gaining more power over universities in European countries, sometimes at the expense of academic senates, according to an analysis. The European University Association highlighted that in the Czech Republic, for example, boards of trustees now have the power to approve budgets. At two Estonian universities, recent changes mean that boards have more power than academic senates. Meanwhile, in Austria, professors no longer make up the majority of members on university governing bodies, making way for representatives of other groups.