Time difference: GMT - 5
Language: The official language of Peru is Spanish, and is spoken by 84% of the population. Other indigenous languages are spoken, such as the Amerindian languages of Quechua and Aymara. English is spoken in the tourist areas.
Dress: Peruvians are used to seeing travellers so shorts, sandals, and jeans are perfectly acceptable.
Electrical current/ plugs: Peru uses 220 volt, 60 cycle electricity. Plugs are typically the 2 pronged flat type found in the US, though some facilities have been noted to use the 2 rounded prongs instead.
Religion: Over 80% percent of the population describe themselves as Catholics.
Culture: Peruvian culture is primarily rooted in Amerindian and Spanish traditions, though it has also been influenced by various Asian, African, and other European ethnic groups. Officially, most of the Peruvians are Roman Catholic, but especially in the countryside, the ancient pre-Hispanic religiosity is still alive. Respect that when visiting temple ruins or other ritual places and behave as if you were in a church.
Water: It is advised to only drink bottled water.
Politics: Peru is a representative democratic republic divided into twenty five regions.