Brief history of Ottawa

Timeless Travels Magazine - - CANADA -

The area of Ottawa was first in­hab­ited by the Al­go­nquin peo­ple (although the name of the city is de­rived from that of the Odawa First Na­tion). After the ar­rival of Euro­peans in the re­gion dur­ing the early 17th century, the Ottawa River was used by fur traders to trans­port their goods, and the first ma­jor set­tle­ment in the area, Hull (orig­i­nally known as Wrightsville), was es­tab­lished in 1800 on what is to­day the Que­bec side of the river. Twenty-six years later, By­town was founded on the op­po­site side of the river by Lieu­tenan­tColonel John By when de­vel­op­ing the Rideau Canal. The re­gion then be­came in­creas­ingly prom­i­nent due to its role in the tim­ber trade. In 1855, By­town was re­named Ottawa and two years later be­came the cap­i­tal of the Prov­ince of Canada, an area that en­com­passed modern Que­bec and On­tario. Since this prov­ince's found­ing in 1841, its cap­i­tal shifted from place to place, with Que­bec City, Toronto, Mon­treal and Kingston all spend­ing time in the top slot. With con­fed­er­a­tion in 1867 and the cre­ation of Canada as a na­tion, Que­bec and On­tario be­came sep­a­rate prov­inces, so each re­ceived its own provin­cial cap­i­tal: Que­bec City for Que­bec, and Toronto for On­tario. Ottawa now be­came cap­i­tal of Canada as a whole.

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