On this day
1606: Sir Everard Digby, Robert Wintour, John Grant and Thomas Bates were hung, drawn and quartered for their part in Guy Fawkes’ Gunpowder Plot.
1649: Charles I, convicted of treason, was beheaded on a scaffold outside the Banqueting House in Whitehall.
1858: The Halle Orchestra was founded by Charles Halle in Manchester.
1889: Beautiful 17- year- old Baroness Marie Vetsera and her lover, Austrian Crown Prince Rudolf, were found dead at the royal hunting lodge of Mayerling, near Vienna. It remains a mystery whether it was a double suicide or murder.
1933: Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany.
1948: Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated by a Hindu fanatic in New Delhi.
1961: The contraceptive pill went on sale in Britain - but was not available on the NHS until December.
1965: Big Ben was silenced for the funeral procession of Sir Winston Churchill.