On this day
1793: The Reign of Terror, in which thousands went to the guillotine in the French Revolution, began. 1809: Franz Joseph Haydn, Austrian composer, died in Vienna. 1837: Joseph Grimaldi, English clown of stage and circus, died. 1859: Big Ben, in the clock tower of the Houses of Parliament in London, first began recording time. 1902: The Boer War ended with the Peace of Vereeniging. 1910: The colonies of the Cape of Good Hope, Natal, the Transvaal and the Orange River Colony united to form the Union of South Africa. 1910: Lord Baden-Powell’s sister, Agnes, announced the formation of the Girl Guides. 1916: The Battle of Jutland was fought in the North Sea. 1930: Don Bradman became the first Australian to score 1,000 runs in England by the end of May. ON THIS DAY LAST YEAR: Obesity is the “new smoking”, NHS England’s chief executive warned, as he said people needed to “get much more serious” about their own health.