1163: The body of the Anglo Saxon King, Edward (the Confessor), was transferred to a new shrine and October 13 has been celebrated as his feast day ever since.
1853: Lillie Langtry, British actress and mistress of Edward VII when he was Prince of Wales, was born in Jersey.
1884: Greenwich was adopted as the universal time meridian of longitude, from which standard times throughout the world are calculated.
1905: Legendary English actor Sir Henry Irving died in Bradford, during his farewell tour.
1924: Ramsay MacDonald made the first election broadcast on the BBC for the Labour Party.
1944: Athens was liberated by the Allies.
1984: John Lowe achieved the first televised 501 score in nine darts in a major event in the quarter finals of the World Match Play championship in Slough.
2010: One by one, the 33 miners trapped for 69 days in half-mile-deep dungeon beneath the Chilean desert climbed into a rescue capsule and rose to the surface.
Families watch the rescue efforts of the Chilean miners