1492: Christopher Columbus sighted his first land in discovering the New World, calling it San Salvador.
1609: Three Blind Mice was published in London, believed to be the earliest printed secular song.
1866: Ramsay MacDonald was born. In 1924 he became Britain’s first Labour Prime Minister.
1872: Composer Ralph Vaughan Williams was born in Down Ampney, Gloucestershire.
1875: Modern-day Satanist Aleister Crowley was born in Leamington, Warwickshire.
1901: President Theodore Roosevelt renamed the Executive Mansion ‘The White House’.
1915: British nurse Edith Cavell was executed as a spy by German firing squad.
1984: Five people died, and 34 were injured, in an IRA bomb attack on the Grand Hotel in Brighton, where the Conservative Party conference was being held.
2002: 202 people died in bomb attacks on two nightclubs in Bali.