ON THIS DAY
AD54: Roman Emperor Claudius I died after eating poisoned mushrooms as a result of a plot inspired by his wife Agrippina.
1163: The body of the Anglo Saxon King, Edward (the Confessor), was transferred to a new shrine and October 13 has been celebrated as his feast day ever since.
1853: Lillie Langtry, actress and mistress of Edward VII when he was Prince of Wales, was born in Jersey.
1884: Greenwich was adopted as the universal time meridian of longitude, from which standard times throughout the world are calculated.
1905: Legendary actor Sir Henry Irving died in Bradford, during his farewell tour.
1924: Ramsay MacDonald made the first election broadcast on the BBC on behalf of the Labour Party.
1944: Athens was liberated by the Allies. 1996: British Formula One driver Damon Hill won his only World Championship after winning the Japanese Grand Prix.
2010: One by one, the 33 miners trapped for 69 days in half-miledeep dungeon beneath the Chilean desert climbed into a rescue capsule and made a smooth ascent to the surface.
BIRTHDAYS: Nana Mouskouri, singer, 84; Paul Simon, singer, 77; Edwina Currie, author and former Tory MP, 72; Sammy Hagar, rock guitarist, 71; Marie Osmond, singer and actress, 59; Kelly Preston, actress, 56; John Regis, former athlete, 52; Ian Thorpe, Olympic swimmer, 36.
> Birthdays: from left, Paul Simon, Edwina Currie and Ian Thorpe