On this day

Western Morning News - - News -

1812: One of the worst win­ters on record be­gan – and caused the de­feat of the mighty Napoleon. Dur­ing his re­treat from Moscow, troops en­dured tem­per­a­tures as low as -37C for 27 con­sec­u­tive days.

1859: Flog­ging in the Bri­tish Army was abol­ished.

1922: The SS – Schutzstaffel or “Pro­tec­tion Squad” – was formed in Ger­many.

1938: “Kristall­nacht” in Ger­many, when Nazis burned 267 syn­a­gogues and de­stroyed thou­sands of Jewish homes and busi­nesses, smash­ing win­dows – which gave the night its name.

1940: Neville Cham­ber­lain died just months af­ter re­sign­ing as Bri­tain’s wartime prime min­is­ter.

1979: A com­puter fault led to a full-scale nu­clear alert in the United States.

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