A feudal system still gripped Scotland until 2004, and the documents generated when land was inherited are described in detail at nrscotland.gov.uk/ research/guides/inheriting-land-and-buildings.
Charters recording changes of ownership may be at the National Records of Scotland ( NRS) or local archives: catalogue.nrscotland.gov.uk/ scancatalogue/welcome.aspx. Property ownership was also recorded in Registers of Sasines from 1599 ( nrscotland.gov.uk/research/guides/ sasines). Paul Hollywood’s crofter ancestors were identified in estate records. Find out more about using estate records at nrscotland.gov.uk/ research/guides/estate-records. Annual Valuation Rolls, compiled from 1855 onwards, describe properties, their owners, occupants, tenants and rental value. Ten-yearly records from 1865-1915 and for 1920 and 1925 can be searched on ScotlandsPeople.
More indexes can also be accessed via the Scottish Genealogy Society at scotsgenealogy.com/ Resources.aspx.