HID­ING IN POLAND

Who Do You Think You Are? Magazine - - REFUGEE ANCESTORS -

If, like Jane Sey­mour’s great aunt Jad­wiga Te­mer­son, your an­ces­tor man­aged to slip out of the ghetto and nav­i­gate the gang-lined city streets to a friend’s house, then they had a chance of sur­vival. It was a lonely and pre­car­i­ous ex­is­tence, since Poland was the only oc­cu­pied coun­try in which hid­ing Jews was an of­fence pun­ish­able by death, and neigh­bours could also be held ac­count­able.

The Ghetto Fight­ers House Mu­seum and Ar­chives in Is­rael holds the Adolf Ber­man Col­lec­tion ( gfh.org.il/ Eng/? Cat­e­go­ryID= 87), which doc­u­ments un­der­ground res­cue op­er­a­tions af­ter the War­saw Ghetto Up­ris­ing, in­clud­ing hand­writ­ten lists of peo­ple in hid­ing who re­ceived se­cret fi­nan­cial sup­port from ‘Ze­gota’, the Pol­ish Coun­cil to Aid Jews.

Af­ter the war, the Cen­tral Com­mit­tee for Pol­ish Jews col­lected in­for­ma­tion about sur­vivors and helped them con­nect with lost rel­a­tives. The Jewish His­tor­i­cal In­sti­tute in War­saw ( jhi.pl/en) now holds the Com­mit­tee’s ar­chive, in­clud­ing Jad­wiga’s Sur­vivor’s Card. The YIVO In­sti­tute for Jewish Re­search, founded in Poland and re­lo­cated to New York in 1940, holds

The Black Book of Pol­ish Jewry: An Ac­count of the Mar­tyr­dom of Pol­ish Jewry Un­der the Nazi Oc­cu­pa­tion by Ja­cob Apen­s­zlak, which is held at the Bri­tish Li­brary.

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