English surveyor Jeremiah Dixon is born in Cockfield. He is best known for the Mason- Dixon line, which resolved a border dispute involving Maryland, Pennsylvania and Delaware in Colonial America.
The Stockton and Darlington Railway opens, connecting collieries near Shildon with Stockton- on-Tees and Darlington. It is the world’s first public railway to use steam locomotives.
Durham Castle, a Norman castle originally constructed in the city of Durham in the 11th century, becomes the home of University College.
The trial begin ns of the country’s mos st prolific murderess, Mary Ann Cotton. She is hanged at Durham County Gao ol in March of the sam e year. Most of her victims died of arsenic poisoning.