Is there a photo of my ma­ter­nal great grand­fa­ther on his prison record?

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is a mem­ber of the As­so­ci­a­tion of Ge­neal­o­gists and Re­searchers in Ar­chives (AGRA).

QEnoch Jones, born in Kem­ble, Wilt­shire, in 1854, was found guilty of bigamy at the Old Bai­ley in Septem­ber 1889 and sen­tenced to seven years’ pe­nal servi­tude. The Morn­ing Star stated that Enoch “ap­peared to have treated both women in the most bru­tal man­ner”. In 1891, he was in Dover gaol. He mar­ried An­gelina Bertha Rud­land in June 1895, so when was he re­leased? Would I find a photo of him on his po­lice or prison record? He died in Ham­mer­smith in 1913 but I can’t find a grave. Paul Moxam, by email

AIn pass­ing a sen­tence of pe­nal servi­tude, the judge at the Old Bai­ley clearly took an ex­tremely dim view of Enoch Jones’s bigamy. He prob­a­bly also took ac­count of Enoch’s bru­tal­ity as the courts were seek­ing to clamp down on do­mes­tic abuse and male vi­o­lence in the Vic­to­rian pe­riod. Pe­nal servi­tude had been in­tro­duced by an Act of Par­lia­ment in 1853. It meant any­one pre­vi­ously li­able to a sen­tence of trans­porta­tion for seven years or less, hence­forth had to serve their sen­tence at home do­ing pub­lic works in a con­vict prison such as Dover.

How­ever, all con­victs had the op­por­tu­nity of early re­lease if their con­duct was good. Such re­lease was on li­cence, known at the time as a ‘ticket of leave’ with con­victs re­port­ing monthly to a po­lice sta­tion.

The crim­i­nal records at find­my­ con­tain three ref­er­ences to an Enoch Jones sent to Dover Prison, in­clud­ing his re­lease date of 8 De­cem­ber 1894 and a phys­i­cal de­scrip­tion from the 1894 Reg­is­ter of Ha­bit­ual Crim­i­nals – un­for­tu­nately, there is no pho­to­graph.

Dover Prison was opened in 1885 so Enoch would have been among its ear­li­est in­mates. The records of con­vict pris­ons are to be found in The Na­tional Ar­chives (TNA) at Kew, al­though there ap­pears to be pre­cious lit­tle for Dover Prison for the 1880s and 1890s and there are no in­mate reg­is­ters listed in the Dis­cov­ery cat­a­logue ( dis­cov­­tion­ uk). Equally dispir­it­ing, there’s prob­a­bly no sur­viv­ing po­lice record. Oc­cur­rence books, crime books and charge books are like hens’ teeth. Some ex­ist for the late 19th cen­tury and the sur­viv­ing Metropoli­tan Po­lice ones are at­tory-from-po­licearchives. Click on ‘MPHC’ un­der ‘Re­source Ma­te­rial and go to ‘Sta­tion Records’.

As for where Enoch was buried, if the burial sites in and around Ham­mer­smith can­not help, then this will prob­a­bly re­main a mys­tery – es­pe­cially if he used dif­fer­ent names. Clive Em­s­ley

The Ha­bit­ual Crim­i­nals Reg­is­ter in­cludes a phys­i­cal de­scrip­tion of Enoch Jones

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