Endangered: Goliath frog
Meet the world’s biggest frog
Logging, farming and land development for housing are destroying the Goliath frog’s habitat by removing trees and adding soil to the rivers it uses for breeding. The frogs need clear, oxygen-rich water, so this sedimentation could impede reproduction.
Goliath frogs are a good source of meat for people in Central Africa. It’s against the law to hunt them now, but they’re still caught for the illegal bushmeat market. Traps are becoming more sophisticated, allowing poachers to catch even more frogs than before.
With their large, powerful legs, Goliath frogs can jump forward almost three metres (9.8 feet). This jumping prowess is exploited in frog races in the US, with American animal traders reportedly importing 300 Goliath frogs from Cameroon every year.
The decreasing habitat
Goliath frogs live near fast-flowing, sandy-bottomed rivers, and their tadpoles only eat one type of riverweed. These specific requirements limit where they can live, and habitat loss is shrinking their already tiny range.