En­dan­gered: Go­liath frog

Meet the world’s big­gest frog

World of Animals - - What's In­side -

Habi­tat loss

Log­ging, farm­ing and land de­vel­op­ment for hous­ing are de­stroy­ing the Go­liath frog’s habi­tat by re­mov­ing trees and adding soil to the rivers it uses for breed­ing. The frogs need clear, oxy­gen-rich wa­ter, so this sed­i­men­ta­tion could im­pede re­pro­duc­tion.

Hunt­ing

Go­liath frogs are a good source of meat for peo­ple in Cen­tral Africa. It’s against the law to hunt them now, but they’re still caught for the il­le­gal bush­meat mar­ket. Traps are be­com­ing more so­phis­ti­cated, al­low­ing poach­ers to catch even more frogs than be­fore.

Frog rac­ing

With their large, pow­er­ful legs, Go­liath frogs can jump for­ward al­most three me­tres (9.8 feet). This jump­ing prow­ess is ex­ploited in frog races in the US, with Amer­i­can an­i­mal traders re­port­edly im­port­ing 300 Go­liath frogs from Cameroon ev­ery year.

The de­creas­ing habi­tat

Go­liath frogs live near fast-flow­ing, sandy-bot­tomed rivers, and their tad­poles only eat one type of river­weed. Th­ese spe­cific re­quire­ments limit where they can live, and habi­tat loss is shrink­ing their al­ready tiny range.

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