John Bill Ricketts, a student from the Astley riding school, takes the circus concept to America. He combines riding tricks with acrobats, jugglers and clowns.
In 2012, a UK court convicted circus owner
Bobby Roberts of the mistreatment of 58-year-old Asian elephant Anne. Secret filming by Animal Defenders International showed her groom, Nicolai Nitu, beating her with a pitchfork. Chains held her to the floor, and her owners denied her treatment for her arthritis. She has since been rescued and now lives at
Longleat Safari Park.