Rare mammals of the Andes
Many of the species inhabiting the Andes have been declining in numbers over the last few decades
Andean titi monkey
Listed as Critically Endangered, this monkey is only found in the foothills of the Peruvian Andes. In the past 25 years its population is thought to have decreased by over 80 per cent due to deforestation and climate change.
With less than 3,000 left in the wild, the mountain tapir is classed as Endangered. The species is found in mountainous areas of Colombia, Ecuador and Peru and its habitat is threatened by mining and logging.
Andean wild cat
Population estimates for this elusive wild cat have been very unreliable. Most studies estimate that there are only around 2,500 left in the wild. Found in Chile and Bolivia, they are persecuted because they are thought to bring bad luck.
Yellow-tailed woolly monkey
Found only in Peru, this monkey is one of the world’s most endangered primates – there are thought to be less than 250 living in Peruvian montane rainforest fragments. The species is
threatened by logging and farming.
The only species of bear found in South America is classed as Vulnerable due to habitat loss and hunting. Although found from Venezuela to Argentina, population levels are
uncertain, ranging from 10,000 to 20,000.
Both the short-tailed and long-tailed chinchillas are classified as Endangered. Although chinchillas used to have a relatively wide distribution along the Andes, these days they are restricted to mountainous areas in Chile.