Wildlife of the Caledonian Forest
The last Scottish remnants of boreal forest, known as the Caledonian Forest, are home to some of the UK’s largest and most iconic species
The last Scottish remnants of boreal forest are home to some of the UK’s most iconic species
The Caledonian Forest consists of the last remaining areas of ancient pinewoods that used to cover much of Scotland. The forest is dominated by its huge Scot’s pine trees and smaller species such as birch, aspen and rowan. It is thought that these trees arrived in Scotland over 8,000 years ago when the UK was connected to Europe via a land bridge.
Similar habitats are found across much of Europe, where they are referred to as the boreal forest, or taiga. These forests still contain a lot of the species that have since become extinct in the Caledonian Forest, such as elk, wolves and bears. However, the Caledonian Forest is still a very special place, containing many endangered species or wildlife not found elsewhere in the UK.
“The forest is dominated by huge Scot’s pine trees, which arrived in
Scotland 8,000 years ago”