Yorkshire Life : 2020-10-01

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WILDLIFE Blackening Waxcap A carpet of autumn leaves Brown Rollrim They are more likely to be a typical mushroom shape like the fly agaric and blackening waxcap. Spore shooters (ascomycete­s) on the other hand – you guessed it – release their spores by shooting them into the air, like the pointy candlesnuf­f fungus. Why not venture on a ‘fungi foray’ in a woodland this autumn, and see how many magical mushrooms you can spot? Yorkshire Wildlife Trust has many beautiful woodland nature reserves perfect for finding fungi, such as Low Wood in Keighley, Moorlands in York and Grass Wood in Grassingto­n. Use these illustrati­ons to help identify some of Yorkshire’s most common fungi and where to find them. If you are visiting a Yorkshire Wildlife Trust nature reserve this autumn, please do so safely; consider the wildlife and each other, and adhere to any coronaviru­s-related measures in place (including social distancing). And remember, many common UK fungi – including several listed here – are poisonous, so please do not touch or eat any. Besides, a pretty picture lasts a lot longer! this beautiful fairy-tale mushroom may look as pretty as a fairy toadstool, but it’s actually poisonous – so look but don’t touch! as the name suggests this fungus is often found growing on or around birch trees. It is edible, but take extreme caution and only forage with a trained profession­al’s supervisio­n. Fly agaric: Brown birch bolete: this cute little mushroom is also known as the warted puffball, gem-studded puffball, wolf farts and the devil’s snuff-box! Common puffball: this fungus is much maligned by gardeners, as it is associated with killing trees. However, it actually performs an important job in woodlands by killing off weak trees and creating deadwood – a vital habitat for insects and other fungi. Honey fungus: as the name suggests, these strange fungi look like little ears growing on decaying branches. They’re popular in Chinese cuisine where they’re referred to as ‘wood ear’ mushrooms. Jelly ear: this delicate mushroom is named after its distinctiv­e rolled rim. Though it was regularly eaten up until the Second World War, it is now considered toxic so look but don’t touch! Brown rollrim: this lovely yellow fungus is just one from the rainbow brittlegil­l family; you can see brittlegil­ls in a variety of colours from bright yellow to red and burgundy. Ochre brittlegil­l: this is a small species, that can be easily overlooked; but its bright red colour means that if you are looking it can be found in most places. Scarlet elf cup: also known as the witch’s hat due to its conical shape, this fungus is a colourful species that grows in grassland and turns black with age. Blackening waxcap: these large flat fungi are common on dead trees, and are so named as they are used by artists to draw on like a natural canvas! Artist’s bracket: N 72 Yorkshire Life: October 2020 Š

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