Prices of pre-1919 houses have started to return to earth
HOUSES built before 1919 have seen the largest surge in prices over the past 25 years, according to research from Halifax.
Properties built before the end of the First World War have risen by an average of 461 per cent – equivalent to £516 per month – from £33,619 in 1986 to £188,473 in 2011. This is significantly more than the average house price increase for all properties of 357 per cent or £449 per month.
Properties from the Victorian era, famed for their high ceilings and fashionable detailing, the Edwardian period, with their decorative cornices, and the Georgian epoch all contribute to this surge in price for pre-1919 homes.
Martin Ellis, Halifax housing economist, says: “The age of a property often determines its size, its style and location.
“Properties from the Victorian or Edwardian era tend to be in higher demand: there are fewer of them, they are often larger, situated in desirable locations and have a popular style. It’s easy to see why pre-1919 homes witnessed such a dramatic increase over the past 25 years”.
Properties built since 1960 have seen the next largest rise in house prices, increasing over the last 25 years by 348 per cent to £169,168. On the other side of the scale, however, properties built between the end of the Second World War and 1960 – a period, which saw the advent of the high rise and of more European open-plan homes, have seen the smallest increase in prices with an average rise of 249 per cent over the period.
Martin Ellis says: “Modern properties, built since 1960, have their own pull, which is sometimes linked to convenience, whether it is location on a commuter belt or the fact little extra work is needed. Properties built between the end of the Second World War and 1960, on the other hand, include many smaller properties, which will contribute to the smaller rise in price over the last 25 years.”
However, a significant reversal has occurred since the housing downturn in 2007: while houses built before 1919 have seen the largest price growth over the past 25 years, they have performed the least well since 2007 with average prices contracting by 30 per cent. Property values for those built between 1919 and 1945 and 1946 to 1960 have declined by a quarter in the same period, while the average price of houses built since 1960 has fallen the least since 2007 (19 per cent).
Martin Ellis concludes: “There are many intricate reasons for the reversal in fortunes for pre-1919 homes since 2007, of course. We may suggest, however, that demand for larger properties has dipped more than for smaller properties in the context of more constraining economic conditions since 2007.”
Other key findings: Houses built before 1919 are, on average, the most expensive with an average price of £188,473. The least expensive are those built over the period 1946 to 1960 with an average price of £144,988.
Over the last 10 years, average prices have risen most for pre-1919 properties and those constructed after 1960, with both increasing by about 60 per cent. Properties built between 1946 and 1960, which saw the smallest gains over the last quarter of a century, have also seen the smallest gains in the past 10 years with an average rise of 48 per cent.
The most expensive properties across all age bands are in Greater London. Properties built before 1919 have an average price of just under £361,000 in the capital. Over the last 25 years, the largest average price increases have been in Scotland (528 per cent), Greater London (521 per cent) and Yorkshire and the Humber (520 per cent). The smallest increase has been in the South East (408 per cent)
1946-1960: The largest growth rate for houses built between 1946 and 1960 was in Yorkshire and the Humber (306 per cent) and the lowest was in Scotland (201 per cent).
Yorkshire saw the largest increases in average price, 410 per cent, for properties built since 1960.