THE ARTS AND CRAFT MOVEMENT
Arts and Crafts was a design movement that was popular between 1860 and 1910. It was led by artist William Morris and architect Charles Voysey. It emphasised traditional craftsmanship and decorative art often evoking medieval and folk art styles and themes from nature.
Architects Barry Parker (18671947) and Raymond Unwin (1863-1940) were inspired by Arts and Crafts and wrote “The Art of Building a Home” in 1901 revealing how to apply the principles to housing for the working class. They put this into practice when they created New Earswick for the workers of the Rowntree factories in York. Barry Parker also advised on Porto, Portugal in 1915 and São Paulo, Brazil in 1917-1919.