was born in 1988 in St. Petersburg. In 2010, she received a degree in sociology from Paris Descartes University. Yermoshina left Russia for political and academic reasons (having participated in protests against mass falsifications during the 2011 parliamentary elections). In 2016, she defended her doctoral dissertation at the School of Engineering in Paris on the topic of the political use of mobile technologies in the civilian hacker movement. Since 2017, Ksenia has been a researcher at the University of Toronto's Citizen Lab, which specialises in disinformation, cyberattacks, information security and censorship on the internet. She is researching the situation in the Crimea following the annexation of the peninsula by the Russian Federation.