Galen Claudius (about 129 - about 199)
The great doctor and no less great writer of Ancient Rome Claudius Galen (Galenus - quiet) was born in Pergamum, a state located in the northwestern part of Asia Minor, in the reign of Emperor Hadrian. The name of Claudius, in all probability, he did not wear. It appeared as a result of the incorrectly deciphered title "lucid", "glorious" (Clarissimus, abbreviated - Cl.), Which was printed on his works, beginning with the Middle Ages.
Galen received his primary education from his father Nikon, who gained fame as a philosopher, mathematician and architect. Galen studied philosophy from the age of 15, and from ancient thinkers, Aristotle had the greatest influence on him. Galen's father wanted to make his son a philosopher, but once he dreamed a dream, and the Romans attached great importance to it, he forced Galen to start medicine. Having selected the specialty of the doctor, he thoroughly studied medicine under the guidance of the Pergamon scientists: anatomist Satirik, pathologist Stronton, Echrion, Empiricus, Fitian and other prominent scientists of Pergamos physicians.
After the death of his father, Galen undertook a journey, during which he studied anatomy in Smyrna. His teacher was the famous anatomist Pelops (Pelops ous Smyrna, 100 AD), who proposed the term "aura" - a Greek word for light breezes or breathing. He believed that this breeze passed through the vessels. There, under the guidance of Albina, Galen studied philosophy. Later he went to Corinth, where he studied with the students of the famous Quintus, studying natural science and medicine. Then traveled Asia Minor. Finally, he fell into the illustrious Alexandria, where he diligently studied the anatomy of Heraklion. Here he met with the once famous medical school and the works of her
outstanding representatives - Herophilus and Erasistratus. By the time Galen Alexandria visited, anatomy of human bodies was forbidden here. The structure and functions of organs were studied in monkeys and other mammals. Disappointed, after six years of travel, Galen returned to Pergamon.
In his native Pergamum, Galen, 29, was a surgeon for the school of gladiators for 4 years and was famous for his art of treating wounds, dislocations and fractures. When the uprising broke out in 164, 33-year-old Galen went to Rome, where he soon became popular as an educated lecturer and an experienced doctor. He became known to the Emperor Marcus Aurelius, became friends with the philosopher-peripatetic Eudemus, known in Rome, and he glorified Galen, who healed him as an expert physician. The Roman patrician Bates, along with his friends, Galen insisted on opening a course of lectures on anatomy, and Galen read them in the Temple of Peace with an extensive audience of doctors and citizens interested in science. Among the listeners were Uncle Emperor Barbar, Consul Lucius Severus, who later became emperor, praetors, scholars, philosophers Evdem and Alexander from Damascus. It should be noted that Galen always and everywhere was looking for an opportunity to attract attention, so he made enemies, burned by the passion to get rid of a dangerous rival. Frightened of the vengeance of the envious, Galen left Rome and