TODAY IN HISTORY
TODAY IS SATURDAY, JULY 14, the 195th day of 2018. There are 170 days left in the year.
TODAY’S HIGHLIGHT IN HISTORY:
On this date in 1933, all German political parties, except the Nazi Party, were outlawed.
In 1789, in an event symbolizing the start of the French Revolution, citizens of Paris stormed the Bastille prison and released the seven prisoners inside.
In 1798, Congress passed the Sedition Act, making it a federal crime to publish false, scandalous or malicious writing about the United States government.
In 1881, outlaw William H. Bonney Jr., alias “Billy the Kid,” was shot and killed by Sheriff Pat Garrett in Fort Sumner in present-day New Mexico.
In 1921, Italian-born anarchists Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were convicted in Dedham, Mass., of murdering a shoe company paymaster and his guard. Sacco and Vanzetti were executed six years later.
In 1945, Italy formally declared war on Japan, its former Axis partner during World War II.
In 1964, in a speech to the Republican national convention in San Francisco, New York Gov. Nelson Rockefeller was booed by supporters of Barry Goldwater as he called on the GOP to denounce political extremists.
In 1966, the city of Chicago awoke to the shocking news that eight student nurses had been brutally slain during the night in a South Side dormitory. Drifter Richard Speck was convicted of the mass killing and condemned to death. His sentence was reduced to life in prison, where he died in 1991.
In 1976, Jimmy Carter won the Democratic presidential nomination at the party’s convention in New York.
In 1980, the Republican national convention opened in Detroit, where nominee-apparent Ronald Reagan told a welcoming rally he and his supporters were determined to “make America great again.”
In 1999, race-based school busing in Boston came to an end after 25 years.
In 2004, the Senate scuttled a constitutional amendment banning gay marriage. Forty-eight senators voted to advance the measure — 12 short of the 60 needed — and 50 voted to block it.
TODAY’S BIRTHDAYS: Actress Nancy Olson is 90. Former football player and actor Rosey Grier is 86. Actor Vincent Pastore is 72. Music company executive Tommy Mottola is 70. Rock musician Chris Cross (Ultravox), actors Jerry Houser and Stan Shaw, and actor-director Eric Laneuville are 66. Movie producer Scott Rudin is 60. Singer-guitarist Kyle Gass, country musician Ray Herndon (McBride and the Ride) and actress Jane Lynch are 58. Actor Jackie Earle Haley is 57. Actor Matthew Fox, rock musician Ellen Reid (Crash Test Dummies) and rock singer-musician Tanya Donelly are 52. Actress Missy Gold is 48. Olympic gold medal snowboarder Ross Rebagliati is 47. Rhythm-and-blues singer Tameka Cottle (Xscape), country singer Jamey Johnson and hip-hop musician taboo (Black Eyed Peas) are 43.