SIGNS AND SYMP­TOMS OF TBI

American Survival Guide - - LAUNCH FAMILY -

This is a list of some of the fun­da­men­tal warn­ing signs that a TBI has oc­curred:

• No loss, or tem­po­rary or pro­longed loss, of con­scious­ness. Any­time there is a loss of con­scious­ness, there is no need to guess whether a TBI has oc­curred … it has. Ori­en­ta­tion to per­son, place or time. Does the vic­tim know who they are, where they are, what day it is?

Headache

Am­ne­sia

Con­fu­sion

Nau­sea

Dizzi­ness

Ring­ing in the ears (tin­ni­tus)

In­abil­ity to con­cen­trate

Eyes sen­si­tive to light

Ir­ri­tabil­ity

Loss of ap­petite

Lethargy

Un­steadi­ness. One bat­tery of tests ath­letic train­ers give on the side­lines re­sem­ble those used by po­lice to de­ter­mine whether a driver is in­tox­i­cated. Re­fer to the ac­com­pa­ny­ing im­ages to learn how to per­form these sim­ple tests. • • • • • • • • • • • • •

These symp­toms typ­i­cally last a short time, but if there is ever any doubt, seek med­i­cal at­ten­tion.

The TBI be­comes crit­i­cal and po­ten­tially life threat­en­ing when the fol­low­ing oc­cur: • Wors­en­ing headache

• Per­sis­tent/pro­jec­tile vom­it­ing

• Un­equal pupils. This is where one is ex­tremely di­lated, and the other ei­ther re­mains the same or is more con­stricted. • Seizures

• Un­con­scious­ness

• La­bored breath­ing

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