SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF TBI
This is a list of some of the fundamental warning signs that a TBI has occurred:
• No loss, or temporary or prolonged loss, of consciousness. Anytime there is a loss of consciousness, there is no need to guess whether a TBI has occurred … it has. Orientation to person, place or time. Does the victim know who they are, where they are, what day it is?
Ringing in the ears (tinnitus)
Inability to concentrate
Eyes sensitive to light
Loss of appetite
Unsteadiness. One battery of tests athletic trainers give on the sidelines resemble those used by police to determine whether a driver is intoxicated. Refer to the accompanying images to learn how to perform these simple tests. • • • • • • • • • • • • •
These symptoms typically last a short time, but if there is ever any doubt, seek medical attention.
The TBI becomes critical and potentially life threatening when the following occur: • Worsening headache
• Persistent/projectile vomiting
• Unequal pupils. This is where one is extremely dilated, and the other either remains the same or is more constricted. • Seizures
• Labored breathing